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[Car home industry] Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Guangzhou and other provinces and cities have attracted many companies to carry out autonomous driving tests. Taking Beijing as an example, the government has given a lot of resources to support enterprises to conduct testing work in terms of policies and venues. 13 companies including Baidu, Xiaoma Zhixing, Daimler, Tencent, Audi, and Toyota have been awarded by Beijing. Test license. It has been a long time in 2019. From the test results of various companies in the past year, localized substitution has become the "main theme", especially for the selection of domestic cars and lidar.

汽车之家

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On March 2, Beijing Intelligent Vehicle Federation Industrial Innovation Center officially released the "Beijing Autonomous Vehicle Road Test Report (2019)" (hereinafter referred to as the "Report"). The report reviews the autonomous driving test work and overall industry development in Beijing in 2019 from the dimensions of policy innovation, standard improvement, test environment construction, road test license issuance and drive test development, and application demonstration.

政策 In terms of policy innovation, the Beijing Autonomous Driving Test Management Joint Working Group released the “Beijing Autonomous Vehicle Road Testing Management Implementation Rules (Trial)” (Third Edition) in December 2019. The optimization contents mainly include: optimizing the license renewal process and increasing the number of renewals to three times; allowing companies with a test mileage of more than 10,000 kilometers to apply for more than 5 test vehicle licenses at one time; enriching the test content and increasing the load Person, load, formation driving test; allow enterprises to use real car test, or a combination of real car and simulation.
汽车之家
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"Policies of Beijing Autonomous Driving Test"

In terms of standard improvement, the report mentioned that since the establishment of the Zhongguancun Zhitong Intelligent Transportation Industry Alliance, a total of 8 group standards have been issued, and 1 item has been established for release. Among them, 3 were identified by Beijing as autonomous driving-related evaluation standards, 1 was selected by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology as one of the 100 group standards, and 3 were identified as "Zhongguancun Standards", which will be promoted and applied nationwide. These standards are mainly related to the contents and methods of road test capability assessment, the definition of simulation test scene sets, and the road car market safety management specifications.

For the test environment, as of the end of 2019, Beijing has built 3 closed test sites, which are located in Haidian, Yizhuang and Shunyi. Among them, the National Intelligent Vehicle and Intelligent Transportation (Beijing-Jiji) Demonstration Zone Yizhuang Base was identified as the first closed test site of T1-T5 level, which has the highest level and supports higher-level testing needs.


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By the end of 2019, Beijing has opened a total of 151 test roads with a total of 503.68 kilometers. The Beijing Economic and Technological Development Zone, located in Yizhuang, opened the nation's first 40 square kilometers test area, which can provide a testing environment for vehicles to explore business models such as Robotaxi (autonomous taxis), formation driving, and time-sharing leasing. The test area supporting V2X test roads also increased from 12 kilometers (7 intersections) in 2017 to 40 kilometers (36 intersections) in 2019.

Regarding the issuance and testing of test licenses, according to the reported data, as of the end of 2019, a total of 13 companies have obtained Beijing autopilot test licenses. In 2018-2019, 77 test vehicles from 6 Internet companies, 6 OEMs and 1 map maker completed a total of 1.04 million kilometers of tests. Among them, Baidu has a total of 52 test vehicles (40 of which are allowed to carry out manned tests) and completed a total of 839,900 kilometers of road tests. In terms of OEMs, Daimler, Audi, and Toyota each have different numbers of autonomous driving test vehicles. Toyota has the largest number of 4 vehicles in total, and its test mileage is among the top among OEMs, with 11,100 kilometers.

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报告 According to the report, Beijing has planned autonomous driving and connected car application demonstrations in multi-regional conditional parks or autonomous driving open test areas, mainly distributed in Yizhuang, Haidian, Shunyi, Fangshan and other places. The Shougang Winter Olympics Demonstration Zone and the Zhongguancun Automated Driving Innovation Demonstration Zone Environmental Park not only build 5G networks and connected cars, but also cover unmanned connection, unmanned logistics, unmanned cleaning, unmanned distribution and other commercial operation scenarios. Multi-scenario demonstration operation of autonomous vehicles. The Intelligent Connected Car Industry Innovation Demonstration Zone of the Beijing Economic and Technological Development Zone is currently the only open test area for autonomous driving. In 2020, it will focus on the open roads of connected cars (intelligent connected cars) and autonomous driving map application pilots, Robotaxi And other demonstration applications.